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Table of Contents

Short Term Effects of Morphine

Morphine is an opiate painkiller that was first described in the 16th century by Swiss Physician Paracelsus. Although not directly what we think of today as morphine, as this was not synthesized until the early 1800s, Paracelsus described the substance as a potent drug that could help to alleviate pain, but also suggested that it only be used sparingly.

It is interesting because we often times think of the notion of addiction as a modern understanding, but even back in the 16th century individuals were aware of the potential for abuse of opiates, and because of this Paracelsus suggested sparing usage, and that the substance be only used for medical applications.

In 1817 the first known morphine product became available for public consumption and with this introduction to the general public, morphine began to exhibit its addictive properties. Many individuals fell into morphine addiction, as they were totally unaware that it could create addiction, and very quickly it was discovered that the drug was in fact more addictive than alcohol or opium, two drugs that were commonly used during the time.

During the Civil War the drug was used extensively, which by some estimates caused 400,000 soldiers to experience morphine withdrawal, or what they called it at the time, “soldier’s disease.” Although this fact is debated, and the validity of the numbers or the term itself are sometimes thought to be a fabrication.

In 1874 heroin was first synthesized from morphine and initially sold by the company Bayer, now known for their over the counter medications. This led to, and continues to led to issues with addiction worldwide, and while the public and even the scientific and medical fields were mostly in the dark at this time about how addiction truly affects an individual, the legacy of morphine is one that can still be felt greatly today.

200 years later we are still experiencing morphine addiction among the US population. Some of the individuals suffering from morphine addiction fall into addiction because they are introduced to the drug in a hospital setting because of a surgery or some other illness they may have had. Others begin to use the drug recreationally, which almost always results in addiction, but regardless of how an individual becomes addicted to morphine, the results are almost always the same—a disintegration of the quality of life of the individual and the breakdown of relationships and ability to manage their life. Luckily, today we have numerous programs and substance abuse facilities that are equipped to help individuals suffering from addiction, so if you think that you may have an issue with morphine addiction, please continue to read on.


Since morphine is a schedule II controlled substance that is in the opiate drug class, the short term effects of morphine include many of those that other opioids and opiates exhibit.

Two of the most common short term effects of morphine that go hand in hand usually are urination retention and constipation. What this means is that morphine essentially makes it very difficult for an individual to use the bathroom in any regard. While for some individuals, especially if they suffer from anxiety causing an upset stomach, constipation may seem like a positive short term effect, however it can cause serious medical issues in the long term. This is especially true if the individual is using the drug without a physician’s supervision.

Another common short term effect of morphine usage is marked drowsiness, bordering on unconsciousness. Many individuals who abuse morphine experience an inability to stay awake when they are on the drug that goes beyond the normal drowsiness of less powerful narcotics. They may find themselves falling asleep at inopportune moments, like when they are talking to other people, eating, or in some cases while driving. The latter is the reason why it is highly suggested that you do not operate a car or any other form of heavy machinery while you are under the influence of morphine.

Some of the other short-term effects of morphine include:

  • Nausea
  • Coma
  • Itchy skin.
  • Loss of appetite
  • Constricted pupils
  • Constipation
  • Unconsciousness
  • Urinary retention
  • Constipation
  • Shallow or slowed breathing
  • Drowsiness

It should also be noted that morphine is highly addictive and as such one of the short term effect of morphine usage can include dependency and addiction. The time that it takes an individual to become physically addicted to the substance can vary between people, but as a general rule most people will become physically addicted in the first few weeks of usage, if they use every day.

This is why individuals who are using morphine recreationally should seek help for this addiction immediately, because very often addiction can set in without them even being the wiser and when this occurs it can be very difficult to break free from morphine’s clutches.


Dealing with a loved one who is experiencing the short term effects of morphine usage can be one of the most difficult things that an individual will face in their life. Not only do they have to watch their loved one fall asleep, or nod out, at random times throughout the day, but they also have to watch as they go down a path that is not only dangerous but potentially deadly.

As such, if you have a loved one who is having trouble coping with the short term effects of morphine usage, then you should seek professional medical assistance for them if possible, and if they are not yet ready to seek help, then you yourself should seek guidance on how to proceed. You may have to begin to separate yourself from them, possibly asking them to leave your house unless they get sober, or if you are not ready to do this, then you may have to begin to detach emotionally and learn how to put yourself first.

Addiction is in a very real sense a familial illness that not only affects the individual afflicted, but the family and those closest as well. Therefore if you or a loved one is suffer from morphine addiction, and you would like more information on how you can get help, please continue to read the section below and call for assistance today.


If you find that you cannot stop using morphine even though you would like to, then you may be suffering from morphine addiction. While you may be embarrassed by the fact that you cannot stop using drugs, it is important to understand that addiction is an actual recognizable disease and as such you’re inability to stop on your own should not be a cause for shame or guilt. It is estimated that 1 in 6 adults in the United States suffer from addiction, so you are not alone in your struggles, nor do you have to fight them by yourself. So if you are at the point where you would you like help overcoming your addiction, call us at 1-866-972-7714. We are standing by to provide you with the best treatment and recovery options, so that you can finally leave behind your old life of addiction and start new on the road to recovery. Call now!